Harmful Algae Blooms

Harmful Algae Blooms

ORSANCO developed a Harmful Algae Bloom Monitoring (HAB), Response and Communications Plan for the Ohio River. (Available under Files.)

Algae are present in the Ohio River throughout the year.  During optimal conditions some algae may rapidly proliferate causing a “bloom”.  During a bloom the algal concentration may go from a few thousand cells per milliliter (cells/ml) of water to hundreds of thousands or even millions of cells/ml.  Algae blooms are most common in the summer although they may occur at any time of the year.  On the Ohio River, the conditions that allow these blooms to occur are typically low and slow flow, clear water, and warm water.

Sampling on the Ohio River has identified over 300 different species of algae.  These algae are divided into 8 taxonomic divisions with the most common being diatoms (Bacillariophyta), green algae (Chlorophyta) and blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria).

Cyanobacteria can produce toxins (cyanotoxins) which can be harmful if ingested.  For this reason an algae bloom which consists primarily of Cyanobacteria is considered a HAB.  These toxins can affect people and animals who ingests them, either through recreation (such as swimming), or in drinking water.

For questions about HABs or to report a bloom, please contact Greg Youngstrom.

ORSANCO agency partner HAB programs

Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Ohio
West Virginia
US EPA
US ACE
Centers for Disease Control

Files

Harmful Algae Bloom Monitoring, Response and Communications Plan Download